Books that provide physical, mental exercise - Business Guardian
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Books that provide physical, mental exercise



Certain news portals may have a small blurb next to an article headline that tells the reader the time it will take them to read it usually five minutes or less. The feature, which can be found on some online editing tools too, seems a rather telling indictment of our contemporary timestressed, hyper-regimented life, but it is unclear why it’s confined to reading only. Supposing this trend gets transplanted to books as well? Will it work on what are known, in the literary realm, as “doorstoppers”, or works so thick and heavy, say over 500 to 1,000 pages or more, that they can be used as the eponymous article. For such books, the reading time will need to be measured in weeks, or months, and for the casual, not very committed, readers, it could stretch to a year.

While many comprehensive and leading dictionaries, encyclopaedias, and textbooks, from various realms of sciences to law to computer languages, are doorstoppers, the category is still common in fiction. These must be differentiated from omnibus editions in which two or three “medium-sized” works of an author, or even more than one author, are printed together.

Doorstoppers in fiction usually comprise what we call literary classics, say George Eliot’s “Middlemarch” (nearly 900 pages), or Count Leo Tolstoy’s “War and Peace” (more than 1,000 pages in most editions), or Miguel de Cervantes’ “Don Quixote” (nearly or over 1,000 pages, depending on the edition). They can also be about titanic conflicts between good and evil — everything from Alexander Dumas’ grand revenge saga “The Count of Monte Cristo” (1,000 pages plus in most editions) to the Harry Potter series (particularly, the last four installments, with “The Order of the Phoenix” being 700-800 pages, depending on the edition), to grand sweeps of history, spanning several generations, as by authors such as James Michener and James Clavell, or romances (Margaret Mitchell’s “Gone With The Wind”, 900-1,000 pages), or a mixture of all, say M.M. Kaye’s “The Far Pavilions” (over 950 pages). And you can count on them to have tons of characters — “The Count of Monte Cristo” begins with half a dozen and goes on to have three dozen prominent ones by the time it gets into high gear. Others have no shortage and some helpfully have a list of characters, usually at the beginning, to help you keep track.

The advent of technology has made actual doorstoppers rather rare, as e-readers and tablets can accommodate a whole host of the bulkiest books, saving avid readers the chore of lugging them around — though some aficionados still do. Owning these is also a mark of pride for fervent book owners for the gravitas they confer upon their bookshelves. Let us look at some doorstoppers across various genres. As mentioned, literary classics, by the likes of Tolstoy — whose family name derives from the Russian word “tolstii” (meaning thick or stout), or by his compatriot Fyodor Dostoyevsky, or others, such as Charles Dickens, Victor Hugo, or Dumas, turn out to be doorstoppers, since they were paid by the page, and seem to have made the most of it.

Most of their famous works began as serial installments, so they did not consciously — it can be assumed — set out to write heavy tomes. Dumas was a master. His “The Three Musketeers” is the first of the three novels that comprise the D’Artagnan Romances, and was followed by “Twenty Years After” — both are at least 700 pages-plus in most editions. The final installment, “The Vicomte de Bragelonne”, is usually divided into three, or more, books — the last being “The Man in the Iron Mask”, and each one of them is over 700-800 pages long.

Dickens was not far behind – of his 14 completed novels, eight, including “The Pickwick Papers”, “Nicholas Nickleby”, “David Copperfield”, and “Our Mutual Friend” are well over 800 pages in most editions, and some span 1,000 pages plus with annotations and footnotes. But the tradition continues beyond the 19th century. J.R.R. Tolkien’s epic high fantasy adventure “The Lord of the Rings”, well-known due to the films, is a prime example. Though Tolkien wanted it published as one, it was eventually published as three volumes of two books each — “The Fellowship of the Ring”, “The Two Towers” and “The Return of the King” — between July 1954 and October 1955, due to various reasons, such as paper shortage, high production costs, and the publishers’ uncertainty about its reception. Happily, the publishers subsequently published it together — a special hardcover and illustrated edition that came out in 2021 consisted of 1,248 pages each and a paperback, 1,216 pages. 

Even before him, there was Kathleen Winsor’s bestselling historical romance “Forever Amber” (1944), set in mid 17th-century England when the monarchy was restored under Charles II. It tells of orphaned Amber St. Clare, who makes her way up in society by sleeping with and/or marrying successively richer and more important men, while nursing her unattainable love. It was promptly censured by the Catholic Church, making it a bestseller. 

What keeps the book, which is 992 pages in its Penguin paperback edition, from being a forerunner of Jackie Collins or, say, Shobha De is the meticulous historical research covering Restoration fashion, and titbits, such as how the tea habit took over England, as well as contemporary politics, and public disasters, including the plague and the Great Fire of London. Austrian writer Robert Musil’s modernist work “The Man Without Qualities’’ (first published in 1930 in German; 1953 in English) is a quasi-allegorical, existential — and satirical — look at the Austro-Hungarian Hapsburg empire in its twilight era, just before World War I. The principal protagonist is a rather vague, ambivalent, and indifferent mathematician named Ulrich, the “man without qualities”, who depends on the world to mould him. The work also shows how a celebration of international peace and imperial unity leads to national chauvinism, war, and collapse.

It was unfinished, but the English version is over 1,150 pages, while the original German one, over 2,100. After “normalsize” works such as the inter-racial love story “Sayonara” (1954) and depiction of a radically different Afghanistan in “Caravans” (1963), Michener began producing doorstoppers with his multigenerational pageants set in a specific geographical area. “Hawaii” (1959) is 1,136 pages in paperback; “The Source” (1965), where a team of archaeologists excavate a mound in Israel, and their story is interspersed with an account from each level they unearth, is 1,104 pages in paperback. 

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Netflix gains 9.33M users with originals, password sharing measures



Netflix Inc. experienced its strongest beginning to a year since 2020, surpassing expectations by attracting a higher number of new subscribers. This was attributed to a robust lineup of original content and measures taken to address password sharing. According to a statement released on Thursday, the company added 9.33 million customers in the first quarter of 2024, nearly doubling the average analysts’ estimate of 4.84 million. Netflix’s customer growth spanned across global markets, with notable strength observed in the US and Canada.

These new subscriptions contributed to the company exceeding forecasts for both revenue and earnings. Despite the growth, Netflix shares were down 4.6 percent to $582.70 at 6:03 p.m. New York time. They were up 25 percent this year through the close of regular trading Thursday.

Expectations for Netflix’s first quarter had soared in recent days, as one analyst after another published rosy forecasts. In its letter to investors Thursday, the company said subscriber gains will be lower this period, while revenue will increase 16 percent. Netflix also said it will stop reporting paid quarterly membership and revenue per subscriber, starting with the first quarter of 2025. Those metrics have long been the primary way Wall Street evaluated the company’s performance, but Netflix has tried to shift the focus to traditional measures like sales and profit. Management will continue to report major subscriber milestones.

“The movement to no longer disclose quarterly subscriptions from next year will not go down well,” Paolo Pescatore, founder and analyst at PP Foresight, said in an email. “More so given the subscriber growth that the streaming king has seen over the last year.”

Netflix has rebounded from a slowdown in 2021 and 2022 to grow at its fastest rate since the early days of the coronavirus pandemic. That is due in large part to its crackdown on people who were using someone else’s account. The company estimated more than 100 million people were using an account for which they didn’t pay. While executives at Netflix feared a backlash from customers, the company has been able to convince millions of moochers to pay for access.

Those new customers have had plenty to watch. Netflix has delivered a new hit every couple of weeks so far this year, including limited series such as “Fool Me Once” and “Griselda,” the dramas “The Gentleman” and “3 Body Problem,” and the reality show “Love Is Blind.” The streaming service accounts for about 8 percent of TV viewing in the US — and is a leading TV network in most of the world’s major media markets.

“With more than two people per household on average, we have an audience of over half a billion people,” the company said in its letter. “No entertainment company has ever programmed at this scale and with this ambition before.” The recent growth has lifted Netflix shares back toward record highs, giving the company a market value of more than $260 billion. It set an all-time closing high of $691.69 in November 2021.

Some analysts worry that Netflix is once again trading at a valuation that far exceeds the fundamentals of the business. The company delivered sales of $9.33 billion, rising 15 percent and beating estimates of $9.26 billion. Net income grew to $2.33 billion, or $5.28 a share, also above projections. Those figures are below companies with smaller market values, the boost from the crackdown on account sharing is temporary, and Netflix executives have been reluctant to put a firm timetable on when that growth would stop.

Yet even skeptical analysts have been impressed with the company’s recent performance, lifting their price targets for investors. To sustain its growth going forward, Netflix has also introduced a cheaper, advertising-supported version of its service targeting cost-conscious customers. It’s also begun to invest in live programming, including stand-up specials, wrestling, and an upcoming boxing match.

About 40 percent of Netflix’s new customers are selecting the advertising option in markets where it’s available, the company said.

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Sony and Apollo explore joint bid for paramount Global



Sony Pictures Entertainment and Apollo Global Management are discussing making a joint bid for Paramount Global, according to a person familiar with the matter. The companies have yet to approach Paramount, which is in exclusive deal talks with Skydance Media, an independent studio led by David Ellison, though some investors have urged Paramount to explore other options. The competing bid, which is still being structured, would offer cash for all outstanding Paramount shares and take the company private, the source said.

Sony would hold a majority stake in the joint venture and operate the media company, and its library of films, including such classics as “Star Trek,” “Mission: Impossible” and “Indiana Jones,” and television characters like SpongeBob SquarePants, according to the source. Sony Pictures Entertainment Chairman Tony Vinciquerra, a veteran media executive with deep experience in film and television, would likely run the studio and take advantage of Sony’s marketing and distribution.

Apollo would likely assume control of the CBS broadcast network and its local television stations because of restrictions on foreign ownership of broadcast stations, the source said. Sony’s parent corporation is headquartered in Tokyo. The Sony-Apollo discussions. Paramount and Sony declined comment. Apollo could not be reached for comment.

The private equity firm previously made a $26 billion offer to buy Paramount Global, whose enterprise value at the end of 2023 was about $22.5 billion. A special committee of Paramount’s board elected to continue with its advanced deal talks with Skydance, rather than chase a deal “that might not actually come to fruition,” said two people with knowledge of the board’s action. The board committee is evaluating the possible acquisition of the smaller independent studio in a stock deal worth $4 billion to $5 billion. Skydance is negotiating separately to acquire National Amusements, a company that holds the Redstone family’s controlling interest in Paramount, according to a person familiar with the deal terms. That transaction is contingent upon a Skydance-Paramount merger.

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New movies, shows aim to boost promotion through social media snippets



Film producers and streaming platforms are adopting a new strategy to lure viewers to watch their titles at a time when attention spans have shrunk amid a surfeit of entertainment options. They are increasingly releasing short clips or snippets, usually lasting between five and 10 minutes, on social media channels like Twitter, Instagram, and Facebook, giving away major dialogues, scenes, and songs of the titles to get the viewers hooked. From introducing pivotal characters to revealing major story arcs, these are circulated across channels on both the studio or platform’s own accounts as well as via collaborations with content creators and entertainment portals.

While some industry experts say this is one way to build volume and generate buzz around a film or a show through means other than just the trailer and traditional marketing techniques, others say the strategy can backfire with significant chunks of the film or the show available on social media for free, diluting the need to sign up and pay to watch it either in theaters or on an OTT platform. Illegal leakages from the film or show via pirated means can add to the crisis.

“Attention span of audiences on the internet is low and it takes a lot more to get someone hooked to your content, than it did before. Especially for platforms or producers that do not boast of huge budgets, more clips increase the chances of the content going viral organically, since merit is no longer the only criterion for content to catch on to viewers’ algorithms,” said Girish Dwibhashyam, vice-president, strategy and business head at DocuBay, a documentary-streaming platform. Dwibhashyam conceded that releasing multiple clips does take away a part of the story’s reveal, but was quick to add that the bigger priority is to get noticed.

Social media is replete with clips from movies and shows, often without spoiler warnings, Avinash Mudaliar, CEO, OTTPlay, the recommendation and content discovery platform for streaming services launched by HT Media Labs (part of the same organization as Mint) said. These can be of three kinds: promotional videos including trailers of movies and shows, celebrity interviews, and songs posted by the production house or OTT platforms where content is often scripted and reviewed and thus, rarely divulge the plot or storyline of the movie. Then there is influencer-led content including clips on social media in reaction to popular or newly-released movies and shows, which do contain snippets of storylines (or more), but the majority are accompanied by spoiler warnings, he said.

But there are also illicit or bootlegged clips that are often recorded in theaters via mobile phones or other devices, distributed online via social media and websites where people can quickly download content, often revealing entire storylines, including plot twists and endings. “Of these, the first category alone is controllable. Influencer-led content, while controllable to some extent, is not in collaboration with the production company,” Mudaliar added. “While most influencers are careful enough to include spoiler warnings, or restrict divulgence of the storyline, leaks around certain plot lines do happen. In most cases, this ends positively, contributing to the promotional buzz and piquing interest.”

However, the last category, of pirated content, is completely uncontrollable, and highly detrimental to paid viewing options, impacting both production companies and OTT platforms. Rajat Agrawal, director and content syndication head, Ultra Media & Entertainment Group, said in the case of old films, releasing snippets on social media channels can be a conscious decision or even a marketing strategy to lure the viewer to watch the complete film on the OTT platform or YouTube channel where the title is being streamed. “Though, if the film is newly released and is running in theaters, clips secretly shot in cinemas and uploaded to these platforms have the potential of giving away some important scenes and (part of the) narrative,” Agrawal said.

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Indian fintech funding plunges 63% in 2023, reaching $2 billion



In 2023, financial technology (fintech) startups in India witnessed a notable decline in funding, amassing a total of $2 billion—a stark 63% drop from the previous year’s $5.4 billion, according to data sourced from Tracxn and reported by Financial Express (FE). This dip reflects a broader trend of reduced funding across various sectors, signifying a significant slowdown in the fintech domain compared to its funding zenith in 2021 when it attracted a massive $8.4 billion.

Despite the funding downturn, the Indian fintech sector maintained its global standing as the third-highest funded in 2023. Additionally, the sector’s substantial growth has positioned it as the fourth-highest funded startup ecosystem globally within the fintech arena, based on cumulative funding till date.

The decrease in funding rounds for fintech firms in 2023 was conspicuous, witnessing a substantial drop from 504 rounds in 2022 to 144 rounds last year. Among the standout segments within fintech, alternative lending, payments, and banking tech emerged as the top performers. Alternative lending firms secured the most considerable funding within the sector, totalling $835 million in 2023.

The decline in funding rounds was more pronounced in early-stage and seed-stage financing than in late-stage rounds. Late-stage rounds saw a 56% decrease to $1.4 billion, while early-stage rounds plummeted by 73% to $489 million, and seed-stage rounds experienced a 69% decline to $145 million.

Specifically, payment startups amassed $753 million in funding in 2023, while those focused on banking tech services raised $331 million from investors, both segments witnessing a significant downturn compared to the previous year’s figures.

Amidst these funding shifts, only five funding rounds exceeding $100 million were recorded among fintechs in 2023. Notable recipients included PhonePe, Perfios, InsuranceDekho, KreditBee, and Mintifi. PhonePe led the way with the largest round of $623 million, followed by Perfios at $229 million and InsuranceDekho at $150 million.

InCred emerged as the sole unicorn in the Indian fintech space in 2023, a notable decline compared to five unicorns in 2022. Additionally, two fintechs—Zaggle and Veefin—launched their initial public offerings (IPOs) during the year, a decrease from five such IPOs in the preceding year.

The funding landscape across Indian cities showcased Bengaluru leading in fintech funding, followed by Mumbai and Jaipur. Peak XV Partners (formerly Sequoia Capital India), Y Combinator, and LetsVenture were among the top investors supporting fintech growth in the country.

The shift in funding dynamics within India’s fintech sector reflects broader market trends and investor sentiment. The decline in funding rounds, particularly in early-stage and seed-stage financing, indicates a cautious approach among investors, possibly driven by market uncertainties or a recalibration of risk appetites. However, despite the funding contraction, certain segments like alternative lending, payments, and banking tech managed to sustain investor interest, showcasing resilience amidst the challenging investment landscape.

The reduced number of unicorns and IPO launches in the Indian fintech space in 2023 signifies a more discerning approach by investors, emphasizing quality over quantity. This trend aligns with a maturing ecosystem where investor scrutiny and a focus on sustainable growth become increasingly paramount. While the funding landscape witnessed a contraction, the continued interest of notable investors like Peak XV Partners (formerly Sequoia Capital India) and Y Combinator underscores enduring confidence in the long-term potential of India’s fintech market.

Bengaluru’s prominence as the leader in fintech funding underscores the city’s robust ecosystem and supportive infrastructure for burgeoning startups. The city’s continued appeal to investors and innovators alike reflects its conducive environment for fostering fintech innovation. Mumbai and Jaipur also emerge as notable players in the fintech funding arena, contributing to India’s diverse and evolving fintech landscape, highlighting the growing geographical spread of fintech innovation and investment opportunities across the country.

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S Korea deepens ties with India through Asia Model fest




S Korea deepens ties with India through Asia Model fest

Asia has become a notable force within the fashion business. It is rightly said that if the proportion of Asian customers increases by one unit, the proportion of Asian models also increases in the subsequent year. Asian models from round the world have reached top runways making an impact in this business known for its need for greater diversity and representation. The 2022 grand finale held in Pune recently.

The internationally acclaimed Face of India (FoI) fest, in association with the AMF, held its grand finale in Pune and crowned six winners from over 6,000 entries received from various parts of the country. The property opens gates to endless opportunities for aspiring models and plays the role of a mentor in their fashion journey.

The extensive judging panel included FoI chairman Badal Saboo, Sonigara Corp co-director Rajiv Sonigara and acclaimed Indian actors that included Sahil Shroff, Elakshi Gupta, Nikki Tamboli, Ayeesha Aiman and Kabir Singh.

The whole world of fashion, glamour and culture was present as contestants all across India spiritedly walked the ramp to be the next Face of India 2022 with acclaimed designers such as Amin Farista (Collection Gandhian Fab), Niti Singhal (Collection Twee in One), Bhavini Parikh (Collection Bunko Junko), Ivodia London, Sumit Das Gupta, Ashok Maanay (Collection Suroor) and Siddhant Agrawal. The showcased collection was a story beautifully woven through sustainable fashion in different styles.

Alisha Chandrakar from Bhilai, Chhattisgarh, Vedant Mahewar from Nanded, Maharashtra, Ravi Naval from Mumbai, Niharika Joshi from Gujarat, Kriti Karmakar from Gauripur, Assam, and Rohit Rana from Chalisgaon, Maharashtra, were crowned as Face of India winners and qualified for the semi finale round of Face of Asia, 2022.

After an extensive round of voting across Asia through online and social platforms, Kriti Karmakar and Ravi Naval were declared winners to represent India and compete with the winners from other 26 Asian countries for the most coveted ‘Face of Asia’ title which has a prize money of $1 lakh.

“India is a country with high potential for global development, and FoI has been a cultural exchange platform for India and South Korea. Let’s hope for good results when the Indian winners come to Korea. I am positive AMF will serve as an opportunity for fashion and beauty industry exchange between the two countries,” Yang Eui-Sik, Chairman, AMF, said.

“This year, AMF will be held at Uijeongbu in Gyeonggi province, north of Seoul, South Korea, which was also dubbed as a ‘military town’, as it hosted the US military for seven decades. The ultimate goal of organizing such an event is to transform Uijeongbu into a fashion and beauty mecca in Asia,” said Uijeongbu Mayor Kim Dong-geun.

Mayor Dong-geun also plans to hold Uijeongbu’s flagship festivals like the ‘Hoeryong Cultural Festival’ and ‘Haengbokro Festival’ at the time of the upcoming AMF. He also announced that this year, the winners of the upcoming Face of Asia competition will become Uijeongbu’s promotional ambassadors.

Talking about the pageant Saboo, who is also the managing director of Pune Fashion Week, shares, “It is unquestionably an immense joy to see top Indian models at this global stage. This pageant has surely brought the best of opportunities for aspiring models from all over the country. AMF is a great concept and an initiative that opens trade opportunities between 27 Asian countries including India.”

“I have been associated with South Korea and, particularly AMF for a long time now, and it makes me proud to see how welcoming and open both countries are with the economic and socio-development of the people of their country and, are taking bold steps towards investing into various sectors.”

“I am happy to have successfully opened gates for the Fashion industry in both South Korea and India and am hopeful to do so with the other sectors as well. India is at its peak of development and it is the right time for the Korean companies to roll their eyes towards India especially in the R&D and technology sector.”

“I hope I am able to play the crucial role of being a fair representative for both the countries as both the countries have set a target to increase bilateral trade to USD 50 billion by 2030. It’s the right time and the perfect opportunity,” added Saboo.

Sonigara Corp also teamed up with Face of India and launched ‘Codename Vogue’, a new ultra-fashionable residential project near Aundh, on a 9+ acre land parcel. This property will add a fashionable sentiment to the city and claims to create a New Aundh in Pune.

Talking about the launch, Rajiv Sonigara, co-director of Sonigara Corp, said, “Sonigara Corp’s new property ‘Codename Vogue’ is truly a unique project aimed at setting the highest levels when it comes to luxury and fashionable property offerings in Pune. We are enabling the community to make their style statement through their new address.”

“This will create the next benchmark in fashionable living with cutting edge design and a trendiest lifestyle. The glamour associated with the iconic Face of India is only matched by Sonigara’s standards for delivering unique homes and lifestyle experiences,” added Sachin Sonigara.

To promote the recognition of blogging as a profession, Bloggers Alliance Education Society (BAES) along with Pune Fashion Week chose to proudly announce the launch of the Pune Bloggers Alliance at the Face of India event and appointed Saboo as the President of the BAES Maharashtra Chapter.

The event also recognized various achievers of India who have contributed tremendously in their fields with the Face of India Achievers Awards 2022.

The following were the awardees: Dr Amit Nagpal (President, BAES, India), Devendra Jaiswal (Co-Founder Story Mirror), Vikram Kotnis (Founder and Managing Director, Beyond Walls), Aman Mehra (Director, Tribe Co-living), Abhishek Mishra (CEO of Dada Saheb Phalke International Film Festival (DPIFF), Jimmy Mistry (Founder Della Leaders Club), Amita Deshpande (Founder, Recharkha, The EcoSocial Tribe), Raqesh Bapat and Isha Bapat (Earth Canvas & Co), Ganesh Bakale (Director, Maha Ngo foundation), Dimple Vaghela and Laveena Keswani (Previous FOI Winners) and Lalit Dhanwe, a young force of figurative art from Karaha Studio who performed a live on-spot sculptor at the event.

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80K visitors in 4 mths: PMs’ Museum a hi-tech hit




The Pradhanmantri Sangrahalaya, which has been built with an aim to show the work and development of the Constitution of India and all the Prime Ministers, has seen 80,000 visitors in past four months.

Using modern technology, this museum is a place where all – youth, children, parents and elderly people – can gather information about India before Independence till now. Different galleries of 15 Prime Ministers have been set up in this museum. Along with this, there are a total of 43 galleries in the museum with cutting-edge technology, light and sound shows, holograms, virtual reality, multi-touch, multimedia, interactive boxes, computerised screens, and smartphone applications.

Prime Ministers’ museum is the perfect amalgamation of history and art in which immersive digital technology brings to life the words and lives of the Prime Ministers so far. On April 14 this year, Prime Minister Narendra Modi unveiled this museum to showcase historical facts about the leaders of free, modern India. This museum has great tools to revisit the past, look into the future and know how the nation was shaped by its top leaders, with the 3D printed national emblem swirling in the air attracting people as soon as they enter.

The Pradhan Mantri Sangrahalaya is a tribute to every Prime Minister of the country since Independence in 1947 and a record of how each one of them has contributed to the development of the country in the last 75 years.

This museum, at the Teen Murti Bhavan, is a history of collective effort and a powerful testimony to the success of democracy.

Each of the Prime Ministers left a significant footprint in the country’s journey to development, social harmony and economic empowerment, which has enabled India to realise the true meaning of freedom. The country was rebuilt after gaining independence from British colonialism and all the Prime Ministers together have contributed towards turning the dreams and inspiration into reality.

Teen Murti Bhavan was the former residence of the first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru and was considered the appropriate site for the Prime Ministers’ Museum.

The museum was started from the renovated Nehru Museum building in which the things related to the life and contribution of Nehru have been showcased among the people in a technically, more simple way and a new section has been started in it.

In the Prime Ministers’ Museum, a large number of rare gifts received by each Prime Minister from across the country are on display. Earlier, these were not displayed. The foundation for the expanded museum was laid in 2016.

The idea of design of the Prime Ministers’ Museum came out of the idea of a new emerging India. The construction of the museum was started in October 2018 while taking special care of the environment.

The total area across which the Prime Ministers’ Museum stands is 15,619 square metre, of which the area which the Nehru Memorial Museum occupies is 5,128 metres.

Special care has been taken to protect the environment and the logo of the museum ‘Dharma Chakra’ has been designed which is a symbol of our democracy. A total amount of Rs 306 crore had been spent on this entire project.

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